Beautiful castle Pena Palace, nestled high on hilltop above the lovely town Sintra is real attraction in Portugal. The multi coloured castle was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the cultural landscape of Sintra in 1995.
Today it is also one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal. A beautiful castle on the top of the hill in the Sintra Mountains, called The Pena Palace, still inspires artists and attracts tourists. The architecture of the Pena Palace, is wildly over-the-top. It’s a mix of Neo-Gothic, Neo-Manueline, Islamic and Neo-Renaissance styles. It looks like a child’s design of a dream castle come to life.
Long before this castle on the hilltop was home to a secluded chapel called Our Lady of Pena. It so inspired King Manuel, he had a monastery built to house 18 monks and donated it to the Order of Saint Jerome.
In 1755, during the Great Lisbon Earthquake,unbelievable but the chapel itself was saved.Later in 1838, the monastery was bought up by The King consort Ferdinand II who also bought the surrounding lands, including the ruins of the Castle of the Moors on the neighbouring hilltop.
The main ambition of the King Ferdinand was to transform the land into a magnificent summer retreat for the Portuguese royal family. The Pena Palace was finally finished in 1847 with much design input from Ferdinand and his wife Queen Maria II.
Pena Palace passed through various royal hands after Ferdinand’s death. Finally was acquired by the state, in 1889.
Pena Palace began wildly popular tourist destination.During the time the colourful facade had faded to dull grey. Pena Palace was repainted in the original colours at the end of the 20th century. Many of the Portuguese people were really surprised because they used to see the fadded version. Today it looks like a castle resulted of the children dream fantasy.